Worldwork 2017: Studies of Inclusion and the Effects of Group Process
Rationale. In the current global climate of rapid social, political and cultural change and upheaval, understanding the skills needed to promote participation and inclusion for individuals involved in large group activities is fundamental. Our interest in exploring the nature of these skills, enhancing a sense of inclusion, and quantifying the efficacy of group process methods to make measurable changes in the quantum field led to a multi-level project during Worldwork in Greece 2017. Aspects explored included the influence of the group field and the individual impact that participating in Worldwork provides.
Methods. A mixed-methods approach was used combining interviews, participant surveys, and video recording, in addition to monitoring the state of the group quantum field during group processes. Socio-economic data as well as dreams were also collected. Since we viewed the diversity of our team as part of the field, and the dynamics in our group of six from around the world as an aspect of the research, our awareness of inclusion / exclusion in ourselves, as individuals and as a team, was central to our approach.
Contribution. The main study contributions are twofold: the opportunity to base results on a large and diverse group of about 500 participants; and applying a variety of conventional and less conventional research methodologies to the study.
Five studies are being conducted; while the team has worked collaboratively on most tasks, the name in brackets after each study indicates the team member who has taken major responsibility, and/or will present the study.
- Participants’ sense of inclusion (Wasserman). This study explored participants’ sense of inclusion as measured by the Worldwork Inclusion Scale, a scale successfully adapted from the validated Diversity Engagement Scale (University of Massachusetts Medical School, 2016). During and immediately after the seminar, 136 questionnaires were completed, analyzed and correlated with socio-demographic data collected at the same time.
- Staff dreaming, sense of inclusion and motivation (Richardson). The second study focused on the facilitation staff, their dreams prior to Worldwork and their subsequent sense of inclusion and intrinsic motivation; 52 open-ended questionnaires were collected and are being analyzed in terms of accepted processwork concepts and dimensions.
- Experience of worldwork from a narrative perspective (Elbaz-Luwisch). Forty participants volunteered; we conducted 7 open-ended life story interviews, and 23 focused interviews. Interpretation of life-story interviews is currently being done “live”, listening to recordings using theories of listening (Corradi Fiumara 1990, Bickley 1995) and Brown & Gilligan’s (1990) responsive listening approach.
- Randomness and coherence in the group field (Ramos). This study continued Ramos’ earlier work, combining questionnaires, video-recording and analysis of group processes, and measurement of the quantum field during group process using a Random Number Generator. Measured states of randomness and coherence in the group field were correlated with video analysis of each group’s process structure and facilitator interventions.
- Signal analysis (Lerner): We anticipate continuing the analysis of recorded interviews through “signal analysis” for which preparatory work is currently being done. The recorded interviews will be analyzed by automatic neural networks, to learn more about the cues in the human voice and compare results with the existing findings.
We will conclude our presentation with reflections – from a processwork perspective – on the team’s experience of researching worldwork, as we noticed cohesion or its lack and other changes in the course of our work, thus bringing our diverse research perspectives together under the processwork umbrella.