People in minimally conscious states are in a fluctuating, altered state of consciousness (ASC) showing minimal but definite behavioural evidence of self or environmental awareness, yet are still not able to communicate verbally. Based on promising results of brain-computer infaces (BCIs) using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) enabling a yes/no communication in patients in completely locked-in state (CLIS) the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research supports a three-year research project applying and further developing BCIs for patients in MCS. Patients of a neurological rehab hospital with intensive care will receive BCI trainings. For several weeks each training unit is preceded by a piece of music or an individual session with a facilitator using the multimodal approach of Process Oriented Psychology supporting awareness, contact and communication with the patient. This presentation provides an interim report of the project and first results.